9 Components of a Water Softening System

plumberalexandria Components of a Water Softening System

To better understand how a water softener system works, you first have to know its vital components. The things that make up a water softener have individual responsibilities in regenerating your hard water supplies. To further understand the components’ individual uses, here are 9 things that make up the water softener system.

Main Components:

  • The mineral tank is like the heart of the water softener system. It is where everything takes place. It is the place where the water filtration and mineral removal happen. In the mineral tank, a special substance called plastic beads absorb the positive charge found in the minerals from the hard water. After the plastic beads absorb the minerals, only then you can safely say that the water has now been softened.
  • The brine tank is like the warehouse in the water softener system. It is where you store the highly concentrated solution of salt or potassium that is responsible for the prevention of scale buildup as an effect of hard water. The word “brine” is defined as water saturated with salt. This is the reason why people that are using salt-based water softeners are cautious if they are on a strict salt intake diet. The good thing is, people are innovative. There is a new alternative for sodium which is the potassium since it can’t affect the environment and your health.
  • The control valve is exactly used like that – for control. During the regeneration of the water, this device controls the flow of the water from the mineral tank to the brine tank. It helps determine if the plastic beads are already fully covered with the hard water minerals and if it is time to clean them. It also controls the time to regenerate a fresh supply of hard water so that it can supply softened water when it is needed.

Other Components:

  • The plastic beads or mostly known as resins are found inside the mineral tank as these beads help in softening the hard water. These consist of negatively charged calcium atoms which can attract the positively charged minerals found in hard water.
  • A tube carries the hard water from the main water line to the mineral tank to begin the process of water softening.
  • Another tube then supplies the softened water to the house from the tanks.
  • The drain is like a tube where the hard water minerals are flushed after the plastic beads are cleaned through the process called regeneration.
  • The outlet manifold is where the softened water is pumped from the tanks. It distributes the softened water through the cold water pipes that lead to the house water system.
  • Salt is a useful component that can be found inside the brine tank. The main purpose of the salt is to help in softening the water as it forces the calcium and magnesium off the hard water.