How to Care for Your Septic System

septic tankEffluent and sewage contain wide array of disease-causing parasites and microorganism that can spread not just to animals but most especially to human beings through direct and indirect contact of contaminated water or food. To prevent this problem, regular disposal of effluent and sewage system is essential to ensure the health and welfare of all the residents of a community.

In Australia, property owners and homeowners utilise septic systems for the disposal and treatment of the sewage, known as wastewater. When we talk of the septic tank system, it consists of cylindrical watertight tanks referred to us septic tanks as well as set of receptacle drainage with holes in both side sands that have no base and which leach in the soak wells and the drains.

How Septic System Works?

The moment wastewater passes through the septic tank, heavy solids will sink in the bottom of the tank and underwent bacterial digestion to reduce the waste solids’ quantity and to change the composition to sludge, that build-up in the septic tank’s bottom. Waste materials like oil and grease float in the tank’s surface and forms crust over the waste liquid. Meanwhile, the remaining liquid, known as effluent, moves from the septic tank to the receptacle of the drainage and soaks to the nearby soil where it undergoes natural treatment process.

Since 1989, majority of Australian households installed septic tank systems with either two soak well sets. The system is known as alternating systems because of the containing diverter box that has ability to change the effluent’s flow to allow half of the soak wells or one leach drain to shut off anytime to give the unused area enough time to dry out and to rejuvenate the ability of the soil to accept effluent.

Implications of Septic Tank Problems on the Plumbing System

  1. Septic tank failure means drainage receptacle failure that is usually encountered in the older septic tank system built with single and non-alternating drainage receptacle, especially when tremendous amount of water volume is utilised or when the system is improperly maintained and installed. For system a septic system that is utilised for quite some time, the surrounding soil of the drainage receptacle begins to clog up.
  1. The effluent will also soak freely in the surrounding soil and starts to mount up in the receptacle of the drainage until such time it is filled up. The moment this situation occurs, the issues listed below will occur:
  • The sewage system starts to back-up in the household pipes.
  • The ground surrounding the receptacle of the drainage will become soggy while the effluent will seep from soil to surface.
  • It will also produce foul and unpleasant smell.

To prevent problems from occurring, homeowners should do the suggestions below:

  • Be sure to hire an accredited and experienced plumber to pump out the sewer tank regularly.
  • Avoid throwing significant amount of grease and fats in the sink and drain.
  • Stagger and minimise the use of water.
  • Be sure to switch the utilization of the soak well and drain.
  • Avoid throwing non-biodegradable materials to the septic system.
  • Beware of throwing harmful chemicals and solutions in the drain as it can kill the system’s normal bacteria.

Aside from hiring plumbers to regularly maintain, clean and repair the different plumbing system in our properties, it is also our responsibility to care for the septic system.